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Top 10 Medical Breakthroughs for 2014

Top 10 Medical Breakthroughs for 2014
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How much you are updated with the latest inventions and developments related to medical science? Well, we certainly do not know that, but, one thing we do know is that after reading this article you will feel a bit wiser at least! Here, we have enlisted 10 medical breakthroughs for 2014.

10. A New Targeted Immunotherapy for Cancer

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), a blood cancer kills around 4,400 people each year in America. A new cancer immunotherapy has been developed after several successful clinical trial results. This newly developed oral drug ‘ibrutinib‘ is a first-class ‘B-cell receptor pathway inhibitors’, which can power up the human body’s immune system. It can target, attack and destroy specific tumor cells without affecting other healthy cells, whether chemotherapy and radiotherapy cause many side effects on healthy cells. This invention is recognized as one of the top 10 medical breakthroughs for 2014.

9. A New Biomarker to Assess the Heart Disease Risks

Biomarkers are the indicators to evaluate a patient’s risk for heart diseases, such as cholesterol level. Recently, Medical Scientists have discovered a new biomarker, named ‘Tri-Methyl Amine N-oxide (TMAO)’ to chase for the heart diseases. TMAO is a byproduct of intestinal bacteria, which is found in red meat, egg yolks and dairy products. It acts as a useful, accurate screening tool to predict the future risks of heart diseases, heart attack, stroke or even death for the people who has no traditional risk factors. Those who have the highest level of TMAO in the body, have double risks of cardiovascular events. Specialists recommend that very soon doctors will be able to better prevent the heart diseases based on TMAO levels.

Top 10 Medical Breakthroughs for 2014

Top 10 Medical Breakthroughs for 2014

8. NewComputer-assisted Sedation Without an Anesthesiologist

Over the World, Colonoscopies are the most costly screening test, which requires an anesthesiologist to deliver the radiance sedation to the patient’s body. A new personalized computer-assisted sedation technology has been already introduced in medical science. This computer-based device can easily be monitored by healthcare professionals, without the presence of anesthesiologists during the life-saving colonoscopies. It is believed that this newly discovered technology will be able to reduce anesthesiologist services, which could bring the costs down by over $1 billion per year.

7. ‘Serelaxin‘ Drug to Prevent Acute Heart Failure

Each year, more than 55,000 deaths are happening for heart failures in the United States, while above 500,000 new people are becoming the heart patients. The discovery of ‘Serelaxin’ is one of the top 10 medical breakthroughs for 2014. This is the synthetic version of an ordinary human hormone. This drug is kind of a vasodilator, which can improve the blood circulation throughout the body during the incidents of acute heart failures. Inflammation can also be reduced by it, which could damage the liver, kidneys and heart. It is reported that, Serelaxin reduces the heart failure death rate by 38 percent compared to the standard therapies.

6. Fecal Microbiota Transplantation to Restore Bacterial Balance

Even a few days before, vancomycin and metronidazole were the most common antibiotics used to treat Clostridium difficile or in short, ‘C. diff.’. But, at present gastroenterologists are using the newly introduced ‘fecal microbiota transplantation’ system. In this process, doctors transfer a healthy person’s fecal liquid matter into a sick person’s colon, which can restore bacterial balance in the patient’s body and fight bacterial infections and diseases. Sometimes it is reported that it can cure a patient suffering from multiple events of C.diff within only 24 hours. This treatment is not only for the primary therapies, it can also prevent the long term inflammatory bowel diseases.

Top 10 Medical Breakthroughs for 2014

Top 10 Medical Breakthroughs for 2014

5. A New Decision Support Anesthesia Management System

Anesthesia is becoming inevitable for almost all surgical procedures performed in the hospitals every day. A new electronic anesthesia management system has been recently developed which assists the anesthesiologists, surgeons, nurses and medical professionals to make smarter and quicker decisions during operations. This system keeps a full anesthesia record of events, procedures and drugs, both during and after surgery, along with an alarm system which shows the potential problems in real time. This advanced anesthesia system is reducing the risk of severe errors during surgical operations.

4. ‘Sofosbuvir‘ Drug in Hepatitis C Treatment

Though ‘hepatitis C’ was being treated successfully since 1990, it was a lengthy and tiresome process for many patients to tolerate the side effects of drugs. After, long researches two more sustained drugs ‘telaprevir‘ and ‘boceprevir‘ were invented in 2011. But, the biggest breakthrough happened in 2014 ‘Sofosbuvir’, a drug for the first all-oral therapy for hepatitis C. This drug shows an improved treatment response that rates up to 90% or higher, while reducing treatment time duration and producing fewer side effects. It is considered as top 4th among the top 10 medical breakthroughs for 2014.

3. A New Neurostimulator to Control Intractable Epilepsy Patients

Almost 30% American epilepsy patients cannot control their seizures during operation or other medical treatments. It becomes so risky for the medical professionals to operate such patients. This year, a new treatment alternative has been discovered by the scientists. It is a neurological device, implanted surgically in the skin that can significantly decrease the rate of epileptic seizures. It keeps the records of ‘Electro-Corticographic (ECog)’ patterns through electrodes that are already placed in the patient’s brain. While it detects an approaching seizure inside the body, short electrical pulses are formed which are capable to stop that oncoming seizure.

2. Genomic-Based Tests For Cancerous Treatment

Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy are the aggressive treatments for cancer diseases which causes numerous side effects in the patient’s body. But currently, several genomic-based tests are applied to avoid those unnecessary and unpleasant treatment procedures. These cancer diagnosis tests can examine the genes in a patient’s tumor and can predict the fierceness and behavior of the cancer cells, making it easier for the doctors and specialist to take treatment decisions. Along with breast and colorectal cancers, a similar test has recently been approved for prostate cancer diagnosis.

1. New Bionic Eyes to Prevent Severe Eye Diseases

More than 100,000 Americans are affected by Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP), an inherited eye disease that often results in legal blindness by age 40. In the past, there was no effective and reliable treatment for late-stage RP. But, at present ‘bionic eyes’ technology is capable to up-root the earlier problems. This process involves a surgically-implanted 60-electrode retinal prosthesis which can decode wireless transmissions from a couple of glasses set with a video camera. This ‘bionic eyes’ technology is not capable to restore full vision of a patient, it can create the sense of light and dark, environment, location and also the movement of surrounding people and objects. This invention is the first among the top 10 medical breakthroughs for 2014.

 

 

 

David Nixon

David Nixon

I'm one of those rare freaks in this world who never gets tired of learning. I love to learn almost about anything from cooking to even making a car 🙂

Yes! This is me, David Nixon, who takes on any challenge and fights till the very end.
David Nixon

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